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Responsible Government | Lord Elgin | Responsible Government Maritimes | Union of the Canada's | Newfoundland | Barkerville | Stalemate

Newfoundland had developed slowly remaining mainly a fish based economy with a few larger settlements and many smaller fishing outposts. By 1830 the population of Newfoundland reached about 60,000 which were mainly located in a few larger cities such as St Johns but with other towns starting to grow in size to support the expanding fish and sealing industries. The Island population was mainly composed of Catholics and Anglicans with a smattering of Methodists who mainly settled in the smaller outposts. Education for the general population was somewhat basic and a separate, merchant class in St John's had begin to develop rapidly.

Newfoundland lagged behind many of the other colonies in development and growth mainly due to restricted economic opportunities in the colony. When it achieved responsible government in 1855 it was mainly due to the fact that the rest of the colonies had already accepted that system and Newfoundland was playing catch up.