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Prehistory | 2 Worlds Meet | New France | England Arrives | Clash of Empires | Revolution | British America | Reform/Revolt | Responsible Government | Confederation | Nation Building | Laurier | The Great War | Roaring 20's | Great Depression | WWII | The Peace | Cold War | Trudeau | PC's in Power | Modern Canada

English Colonies | France vs England | Fur Trade | HBC | The Mississippi | Le Petite Guerre | Containment | New France | Preparations | War | Treaty of Paris

In the spring of 1760 the Chevalier de Levis led his regrouped French forces from Montreal to recapture Quebec City. The bloody action with the British, led by James Murray at the battle of Ste Foy brought the French a victory and forced the British back into the Fortress of Quebec. The victory was short lived however when the British fleet appeared sailing up the St Lawrence on May 9th. There was no help coming from France, and the British forces from Quebec City, and Lake Champlain converge to take Montreal and General Amherst accepted the French surrender of all of their North American territories.

The French had lost and 150 years New France history was at an end. The Treaty of Paris was agreed to in Europe and signed in 1763. The world war was over and peace was once again generally established throughout Europe and the European colonies throughout the world. This agreement allowed the French inhabitants of Canada to retain their religion and unique status but France gave up all territories except two small islands in the ST Lawrence to England. The great world war was over and most of North America was solidly under the control of Britain.

This however was not to last long. With the threat of the French gone and with the foreign barriers to westward expansion eliminated, the only restrictions left were those imposed by the British on it's own colonists. This application of authority over the colonies was not only resented but was to lead to an explosion of resistance to the Crown of Great Britain and thus were sow the seeds of the upcoming eruption that would be the American war of Independence and new challenges for the Canadians and loyal British subjects.