Canada History

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Fathers of Confederation | Maritime Union | George Brown | Pan Federalism | US Civil War | Canada's Proposals | St Lawrence Cruise | Charlottetown | The Quebec Conference | The London Conference | July 1st 1867

The Fathers of Confederation were the architects of the plan that resulted in the proposal that would bring the individual British American colonies together under a Federalist system. There were three main conferences which were held and to be included as a Father of Confederation, it means to have been in attendance during the debates during one of the conferences. These conferences were

  1. The Charlottetown Conference - 1864

  2. The Quebec Conference - 1864

  3. The London Conference - 1866

The Fathers of Confederation for the most part were leading politicians from the British Colonies interested in forming a Federal Union or a Confederation. Although not all colonies joined Canada in 1867, they eventually did join at a later date and in the case of Newfoundland, the last to join, not until 1949. As these additional Provinces joined Canada a second tier of "Fathers of Confederation" were added to the list. An example of this is Joey Smallwood who was the Premier of Newfoundland and led them into Confederation in 1949. He often bragged that he was the only living Father of Confederation. Without the action of these men, the union of the British colonies in North America would not have occurred.